Understanding Bullying: Why You Should Take Bullying Counselling Seriously

Many people associate bullying with something that happens during early years, and on playgrounds. What they do not know is that this is a common phenomenon, and which occurs on a daily basis. Despite the fact that bullying is more common in schools and other places where there are children and youths, it can occur at any age.

Bullying is not discriminatory and can happen in any area, including online and your place of work.

What is bullying?

Before we get into details about this menace and how counselling can help, it is prudent to understand what bullying is. There are other types of counselling available other than family counselling.  The law doesn’t offer a clear definition of this term, but it is something that is done by an individual towards the other, with the intention of causing either physical or psychological harm.

Bullying can take several forms including, but not limited to;

  • Name calling
  • Physical assaults
  • Verbal threats
  • Online bullying and,
  • Gossiping

The aftermath of bullying

Sometimes, bullying is insidious, which makes it unnoticeable. Primarily, it starts slowly and soon gets out of hand. If not detected early enough, it can have several lasting effects on a victim including:

  • Anxiety and panic attacks
  • Adversely affects relationships
  • Re-enacting bullying behaviour towards other people
  • Angry outburst towards others and,
  • In worst cases, bullying can lead to depression, which can lead to death or can instil suicidal instincts in a victim.

Types of bullying

There are four main types of bullying;

  • Physical bullying

This form of bullying is intended for causing bodily harm. It includes kicking, hitting, pushing, and other things that can instil pain and injuries. This is one of the most reported types of bullying across the world.

  • Verbal bullying

This is the use of words with an intent to cause harm to others. It includes name-calling, verbal threats, taunting, and giving sexual comments.

  • Relational bullying

This mostly happens among individuals of the same peer group. It can be done through rumours, verbal threats, and other forms of terrorization.

  • Cyberbullying

This is the newest form of bullying that has come with the internet age. It happens everywhere and is geared towards tainting a person’s image through online means such as social media. Over the years, cyberbullying cases have increased significantly. For this reason, many countries are devising ways that will help them counter this nuisance that is slowly eating the modern society.

Counselling for bullying

Whether you have been previously bullied, there is someone currently bullying you, or someone close to you has been affected, counselling for bullying is very beneficial.

In case you are going to hell as a result of bullying, you can discuss it with your counsellor who will discuss the options available that will help you get over the problem without being judged.

Bullying can change your life, regardless of who you are. It is, therefore, of importance to understand the options that counsellors present, and why we should take them with utmost seriousness.

There is a range of techniques used by counsellors to help victims overcome problems that come with bullying. They include;

  1. Cognitive behavioural therapy

Popularly known as CBT, this is a technique that involves altering an affected person’s thoughts so that positive behaviour can be impacted.

  1. Transactional analysis

This involves comparing your behaviour with that of others and changing for the better.

  1. Assertiveness techniques

This is where counsellors teach victims to be aware of their rights and openly defend them. This will make them feel that they are strong, and can forget past events, and overcome future bullies.

Why bullying counselling should be taken seriously

In many instances, people downplay the role of counsellors when they are bullied. They tend to think that since they are the victims, they are the only people who can deal with their problems. This is a bad idea. Bullying counselling is something that has saved millions of lives, and it’s something that you should not take for granted. Below are reasons why you should take it seriously.

It will help you perceive things differently

When you are depressed, you seem to see things awkwardly. If for example you were assaulted physically, you can become angry towards other people, or in some cases become violent to them. This is because you feel everybody is a bully, and if you do not defend yourself, you will fall prey again. If you take bullying counselling seriously, your perception will be shaped differently. You will start seeing other people or things in a different angle, and you will not be overprotective or jealous towards them. This will help you a lot in developing beneficial relationships.

You will feel less alone with your problems

There is nothing as dangerous as holding on to problems. You need someone to talk to, a person you can trust, and one that will not judge you. A counsellor is a complete stranger, and this fact can give you the courage to speak out things you wouldn’t tell even your closest friend. If you take bullying counselling seriously, you will neither be alone in your problem nor will you suffer in silence. This will speed up the healing process.

Help in relieving your emotional burdens

By having a trustworthy person to confide in, you get a shoulder to lean on, and you will let go of the emotions that have been piling up, and adversely affecting your moods and behaviour. Taking bullying counselling seriously will eliminate all long-seated problems, and you will, in turn, live a healthy and productive life.

Lastly, taking this type of counselling seriously improves your physical well-being, and enables you to view yourself from the inside and gain a high degree of self-awareness. This will make you feel at peace, and give you the confidence to move on with life as a typical human being.

If you have been bullied, either in real life or online, seek the services of a professional counsellor, and you will be surprised by the degree at which your life will change for the better.

Searching for Comfort and Support in Nursing and Maternity Bras?

A maternity or nursing bra is a necessary piece of equipment for new mothers who are breastfeeding their baby. Because lactating breasts can enlarge and fill with milk, it’s best to get a bra that’s supportive. And because you may need to feed the little one at inconvenient or unexpected times, it’s also good to get a nursing bra that can be opened quickly and easily.

Technically a nursing bra is one that is created specifically for nursing bras, while a maternity bra is one worn during pregnancy, as your breast size may increase. However, we’ll use the two terms interchangeably in our recommendations.

Here are a few other factors you will want to consider when shopping for a nursing bra.

Comfort: Nursing bras with softer fabrics can continue to support your breasts as they change sizes through the various points of the feeding cycle, and comfort is extremely important for new mothers during this time. Also make sure the cups are soft, so that your nipples will not be irritated or chafed.

Support: Your heavier, fuller breasts need more support—otherwise you could start suffering from back pain, tension, and even headaches. Furthermore, if those girls don’t get some support while you are breastfeeding, once your baby moves on and is no longer feeding on you, unsupported breasts can be left sagging. In that vein, it’s also good to make sure your bra has thicker straps and a wide band.

Coverage: You’ll appreciate bras that cover up nursing pads and enlarged nipples. Enough said.

Ease: You’ll want a bra that can be easily unclasped or removed for ease of feeding. Nobody wants the stress of fidgeting around with your bra while your child is screaming his or her head off for milk.

No Underwire: Underwire is great on a normal bra, but not in a nursing bra, because it can be uncomfortable, and it can potentially hurt your milk ducts.

Flexibility: Your breasts will grow during the pregnancy and as you breastfeed. Keep in mind that while you are feeding, they will also periodically shrink as they are emptied of milk.

Nursing Panels: Nursing panels which open up and allow you to feed your baby without lifting up the bra or taking it off, are a great feature. We recommend avoiding buying a bra for this feature alone, but if all the other features are there (comfort, support, etc.) then go right ahead and enjoy this amazing feature.

Best Maternity Bras for Large Breasts

If you are already well-endowed with large breasts, you may already know that an unsupported chest can cause back problems. Make sure you pick a bra, which has wide straps, a thick band, and excellent support throughout.

  • Kindred Braverly Simply Sublime

Your changing body will be supported by the stretchy elastic of this bra, which is also strong enough to offer excellent support.

  • Bamboobies Seamless Nursing Bra

You can be a body size of 42-F and still find comfort and support with the very soft bamboo-rayon material of this bra, which is also good for light exercise. Its versatility is emphasized by nursing panels that allow quick and easy feeds.

Best Maternity Bras for Small Breasts

You’ll want to make sure you select a bra that supports you and conforms to your figure in a flattering way.

  • Seamless Demi-Cup Nursing Bralette

If you have cup size A to C, this particular bra was made with you in mind. Its lower profile will go with a variety of outfits without the bra peeping out from around the corner of your garment. Its super stretchable blend of spandex, cotton and nylon will adjust to changing body.

  • Gratlin Racerback Seamless Support Bra

Gratlin Racerback Seamless Support Bra is for the women with even the smallest chest sizes. Its densely woven band will prevent sagging, and its hooks will offer you more customized fit. Its padded nature will allow it to conform to your shape, rather than providing a cookie cutter mould that your breasts are forced to fit into.

Best Plus Size Maternity Bras

For women shopping in this category, you might need a bra, which can support the weight of your breasts, and still accommodate changes in your body.

  • PureSilk Front Hook Nursing Bra

The scoop-neck back of this bra will assist in spreading out your weight of the breasts and reducing potential neck and back pain. It’s also machine washable, which is great for moms with a busy lifestyle.

  • Motherhood Sports Wireless Nursing Bra

The elastic construction of this bra allows for possible changes in the size of your breast. It has supportive, thick straps to carry the weight of your chest, and is an excellent all-around option for expecting or nursing plus-sized women.

Best Maternity Sleeping Bras

These bras are supportive but not constricting choices to fall asleep wearing.

  • Kindred Braverly Terry Scoopback Sleep Bra

The French Terry material of this bra will provide a soft feeling while you sleep, and the fabric will stretch to fit your changing sizes. Without wires or clasps, this bra is comfortable and simple to use, and it comes in a variety of sizes and colours.

  • EMY Sleep Bra 4 Pack

If you’re looking for an economical option that also doubles as a nursing bra, consider the EMY 4-pack. The cotton is soft and supportive, and there’s space for nursing pads. These bras also win additional style points for cuteness.

Best Nursing Maternity Bras

These nursing bras and maternity bras will continue to be helpful after you’ve given birth since they double as nursing bras.

  • Branii Full Support Bra

The comfortable cotton of this bra is also firm enough to support your chest, even without an underwire. It also comes with a bra extender to accommodate your changing physical structure, and thick straps to keep pressure off of your neck and back.

  • Voygal Seamless Nursing Bra

If you’re looking to avoid chafing, this bra has an excellent seamless design, with an elastic construction that will fit to your body perfectly. It has excellent removable padding, and it also features a nursing panel that can be opened for easy access.


These are just a few of the categories and selections you will find in your search for the perfect maternity and/or nursing bra. You may also consider sports bras or bras designed specifically for special support. Just remember our list of criteria (comfort, support, etc.) and you can’t go wrong. Make sure you have the perfect equipment to take care of your body, so you can enjoy being with your baby during this special time.

Obstetricians Saving Mothers and Babies


Obstetricians who specialise in high-risk pregnancies are known as maternal-fetal medicine specialists. If an individual faces any type of high-risk pregnancy, a maternal-fetal medicine specialist is necessary. A high-risk pregnancy is one where the mother is at risk for developing problems due to age, previous pregnancy problems, existing conditions or the development of issues during pregnancy such as high blood pressure or gestational diabetes. High-risk pregnancies can also result in complicated births, and maternal-fetal medicine specialist is trained to deal with these situations such as emergency caesareans. 

Many of these obstetricians are on the cutting edge of research because the high-risk population is where novel treatments are often tried first. The treatments provided by these types of obstetricians allow early recognition of problems in pregnancy and with fetal development. Many specialist female obstetricians such as Dr Shelley Rowlands of East Melbourne Obstetrics and Gynaecology who specialise in high-risk pregnancies offer the patient prenatal care and monitoring, testing, and medical and surgical interventions to assure the health of both mother and baby. 

Prenatal care and monitoring

Preventive prenatal care and early monitoring can allow a patient to avoid many complications of high-risk pregnancy. An obstetrician focusing on high-risk pregnancies offers increased monitoring during prenatal care visits. This often includes more frequent prenatal care visits, advanced ultrasounds, genetic testing, increased monitoring, and preventative care, for mother and baby.


Patients of maternal-fetal specialists have access to numerous tests that can predict or indicate problems with mother or child. In this way, problems that develop with the mother such as blood pressure or diabetes and different fetal abnormalities such as genetic or physiological can be caught early. From common ultrasounds, amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling to more advanced techniques such as cervical length testing and cell-free DNA analysis. These physicians also know how to treat pregnancy-related complications such as placental positioning problems, preeclampsia, anemia, and gestational diabetes. They use a combination of medications from vitamins to insulin to progesterone to treat these conditions.

Medication interventions

To treat these conditions, a maternal-fetal specialist has a wider variety of tools available. One problem with a high-risk pregnancy might be maintaining the pregnancy. This can be corrected by medicating the mother with progesterone. This is a medication that while helping the mother does not harm the baby. A mother at risk of preterm labour might be given a medication such as terbutaline to prevent contractions. There are also medications that can help a baby develop more quickly if at risk of preterm birth. Different steroids can be given that stimulate organ development.

Maternal surgical interventions

One of the interventions that obstetricians who specialize in high-risk pregnancies use is different surgical procedures. These procedures take care of pregnancy abnormalities such as preeclampsia to assure a healthy delivery. Some of these surgical interventions are to fix placental irregularities such as placenta previa, placenta accreta, or placental abruption. Laparoscopic treatment for ovarian torsion syndrome. Other surgeries include transabdominal cerclage and cervical cerclage.

Fetal surgical interventions

Problems or congenital abnormalities are caught early by a high-risk specialist. Many of these birth defects are now repaired prenatally before birth due to advances in research and surgical techniques. Some of these techniques include fetoscopic laser therapy, which uses an endoscopic laser inserted through an incision in mother’s abdomen, open uterus surgery which is indicated for neural tube repair, to fix the defects that are caused by it failing to close and surgical interventions using catheters to fix heart valves.

A Wide Spectrum of Professionals

The field of high-risk obstetrics has many fine professionals. The breadth and depth of their various interests is fascinating. The following doctors are examples of some of the fine representatives in the field.

  • Dr Jeanne S Sheffield is the director of maternal-fetal medicine for The American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Director of Maternal-Fetal Medicine at Johns Hopkins. One of her interests is the relationship of microcephaly (an infant head that is abnormally small) and the Zika virus.
  • Ramen Chmait is a professor at the University of South Carolina’s Keck School of Medicine. He performs in utero surgeries. One of his latest was a fetoscopic laser surgery for Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome performed at 20 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Dr Kelly Bennett is director of Maternal Fetal Medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. She is known internationally as a high-risk specialist. She encourages a team atmosphere among her doctors. She also studies the management of preeclampsia and cervical monitoring.
  • MORE

Research Professionals

The top concerns for researchers are maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. There is also a focus on genetics with the hope that one day physicians may be able to test for the whole genome of the baby.

  • Genetics and prenatal diagnosis

Norton et al. have discovered a non-invasive method for prenatal testing to determine the baby’s DNA using the mom’s blood which has significantly lower false positive results. The technique called cell-free DNA analysis for trisomy, screens for fetal aneuploidy. Fetal aneuploidy is MORE. The screening has a much lower false positive rate and less risk than traditional screening such as amniocentesis.

  • Preterm Birth due to Cervical Abnormalities

Roberto Romero et al. did a study that offers additional help for treatment with vaginal progesterone to decrease the risk of giving preterm birth, infant death and neonatal complications in pregnant women, who have a short cervix.

  • Prenatal Heart Surgery

Doff McElhinney has used in utero surgery to fix an infant’s heart before birth so it does not suffer from heart disease. The disease progression, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, was halted by using a catheter to reach the baby’s heart and enlarge the heart valve.

The obstetricians who have dedicated themselves to high-risk pregnancies know the stress and worry such a pregnancy can cause a woman. They are diligent in their efforts to bring these pregnancies to successful conclusions. From the initial visit to the successful birth, maternal-fetal specialist guides a high-risk pregnancy with care and meticulousness.